Abstract:The need to reduce costs associated with the production of microalgae biomass has encouraged the coupling of process with wastewater treatment. Emerging pollutants in municipal, industrial, and agricultural wastewaters, ranging from pharmaceuticals to metals, endanger public health and natural resources. The use of microalgae has, in fact, been shown to be an efficient method in water-treatment processes and presents several advantages, such as carbon sequestration, and an opportunity to develop innovative bioproducts with applications to several industries. Using a bibliometric analysis software, SciMAT, a mapping of the research field was performed, analyzing the articles produced between 1981 and 2018, aiming to identifying the hot topics and trends studied until now. The application of microalgae on water bioremediation is an evolving research field that currently focuses on developing efficient and cost-effective treatments methods that also enable the production of add-value products, leading to a blue and circular economy. Keywords: bibliometric analysis; microalgae; water bioremediation; algal biotechnology
Background: Tracheal stenosis remains a challenge in the thoracic surgery field. Recognizing the hot topics and major concepts in this area would help the health policy makers to determine their own priorities and design the effective research plans. The present study analyzed and mapped the topics and trends of tracheal stenosis studies over time as well as authors' and countries' contributions.
Materials and methods: Search results were obtained employing Bibexcel. To determine cold and hot topics, co-occurrence analysis was applied using three international databases 'Web of Science', 'PubMed' and 'Scopus'. Appropriately, different categories in the articles such as keywords, authors, and countries were explored via VOSviewer and NetDraw. Afterward, the trends of research topics were depicted in four time-intervals from 1945 to 2015 by ten co-occurrence terms.
A related Deloitte tech trends report suggests AI, farther out, will phase out much of the lower-tier tasks associated with IT today. And again, the solution for organizations is a focus on the ability to adapt.
We focused on the frequency of concurrent extremes on the basis of historical exceedance thresholds, which is a widely used indicator of the frequency of impactful compound events6,8,9,10,13,28. The modulation of the future frequency of concurrent extremes from trends in one of the two compound-event drivers, here precipitation, is expected to hold for other compound events as long as the trends in the drivers differ strongly in magnitude (Extended Data Fig. 5). In general, the magnitude of some compound-event-related impacts may still be affected by the magnitude of exceedance in the driver with the strong trend, here temperature. Furthermore, adaptation of human and ecological systems may render historical hazard thresholds obsolete45. However, given that many impacts are characterized by threshold behaviour in response to climate stressors, for example tree mortality2, crop yields46, heat stress in humans and other species47, landslides48 and floods49, estimating compound-event frequencies on the basis of historical exceedance thresholds can be considered a suitable impact indicator6,9,10,11,13,19,31. We thus conclude that the mechanism identified here provides relevant information to scientists and practitioners to reduce uncertainties when dealing with complex compound-event risks in the future.
We performed two experiments (results shown in Fig. 3) to quantify (1) the uncertainty range in the future fHD (similarly for the fH) arising from the uncertainty in the change of local mean temperature, that is, uncertainty in local temperature trends, and (2) the uncertainty range in the future fHD arising from the uncertainty in the change of local mean precipitation, that is, uncertainty in local precipitation trends.
The uncertainty range in the future fHD is controlled by the uncertainty in precipitation and is not affected by uncertainty in the local warming (Fig. 3). To demonstrate that this results mainly from expected changes in mean temperature being much larger than expected changes in mean precipitation, we carried out, in line with the procedure of the preceding section, two idealized experiments (results shown in Extended Data Fig. 3). In the two experiments, we quantified, for different combinations of expected changes in mean temperature and precipitation, the uncertainty range in the future fHD arising (experiment 1) from the uncertainty in the change of local mean temperature (that is, uncertainty in local temperature trends), and (experiment 2) from the uncertainty in the change of local mean precipitation (that is, uncertainty in local precipitation trends).
The future fHD is correlated with precipitation trends; that is, models (or ensemble members) that project a stronger increase in mean precipitation lead to a lower future fHD, and vice versa (Figs. 3f and 4). To demonstrate that this result stems mainly from expected changes in mean temperature being much larger than expected changes in mean precipitation, and how the underlying negative dependence between temperature and precipitation affects the preceding, we carried out an idealized experiment (results shown in Extended Data Fig. 5).
Background and objective: One of the approaches to represent scientific publications in a field of science is to determine research trends and hot topics. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the research trends on the Library and Information Science (LIS) in the Scopus database during 2011-2020 and specify the hot topics in this field from July 2020 to July 2021.
Materials and Methods: This study used scientometric techniques. The research population consisted of all papers in the field of LIS from July 2011 to July 2021. The data were collected from the Scopus database. The results were limited to 2011-2020 for determining the research trends in the field of LIS and from July 2020 to July 2021 for specifying the hot topics in this field. Data were analyzed using the word co-occurrence and social network analysis techniques, and UCINet, NetDraw, and VOSviewer software were used to draw scientific maps and identify core topics and individuals.
However, there is a downside. Feelings, images and videos posted on the Internet might remain online forever. In addition, social sites along with search engines know more about you than you may wish. They use your information to target ads, spot trends and most importantly to earn billions in revenue. Social sites such as Omlet buck the trend and allow users to retain control over what they post. Snapchat makes images disappear on the recipient's device after a short time to keep information private. See Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat and Omlet.
Networking is the lifeblood of an organization's high-tech infrastructure. Local applications combined with Internet applications and services increasingly place heavy demands on the network. In addition, tying networks together when companies expand or merge is a huge task for network administrators. Starting in the mid-1990s, three trends took place: #1 - Ethernet switches replaced Ethernet hubs to increase bandwidth, #2 - network backbones were upgraded to Gigabit Ethernet and 10 Gigabit Ethernet, and #3 - the network protocol migrated to TCP/IP, the standard of the Internet. See enterprise networking, Ethernet switch, Gigabit Ethernet, 10 Gigabit Ethernet and TCP/IP.
New advancements in digital marketing influence how you connect with your audience. We break down 10 of the hottest digital marketing trends for 2022 to help you grow your business in the coming year.
As we come to the end of this year and look ahead to a new one, it may not represent as fresh of a start as one would typically think. 2021 showed us that some financial services and fintech trends that emerged as a response to COVID-19 are here to stay. Beyond COVID-19 impacts, areas like ESG-focused investing and cryptocurrency have also proven their staying power this year.
But it sometimes feels like the resulting developments emerge faster than you can integrate your previous round of changes. So, to help you stay ahead of the game and make well-informed decisions for your organization, read on and explore the latest trends in cloud computing.
In a recent article, Gartner predicted that more than 85% of organizations will embrace cloud-first principles by 2025. Today, a significant part of software development incorporates cloud computing in some way. Software development is a rapidly evolving field. Developers must stay abreast of the latest cloud trends to stay relevant in the industry. They can reap the benefits and fully execute a digital strategy if software engineers, IT managers, DevOps engineers, and system administrators consistently work on optimizing the systems even as cloud computing constantly evolves.
Cloud computing lets developers build efficient, flexible, and sustainable infrastructure that improves the software development process. To prepare for growth, developers should be well-equipped with the latest cloud computing trends and experiment with new ideas.
As experts in hot and spicy flavor trends and heat management, Kalsec continuously keeps customers informed on the latest industry events. This commitment includes seed development, growing and the latest product innovations in pepper extracts.
We have seen increasingly more promotions that incorporate content assets to help drive home the idea that these brands are experts in their fields. Take this email from mattress provider Casper. They promoted a list of 70+ sleep statistics and trends. 153554b96e